Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robot s. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence , mechatronics, nanotechnology , and bioengineering.
- These technologies deal with automated machines that can take the place of humans in dangerous environments or manufacturing processes, or resemble humans in appearance, behavior, and/or cognition. Many of today’s robots are inspired by nature contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics.
- The concept of creating machines that can operate autonomously dates back to classical times, but research into the functionality and potential uses of robots did not grow substantially until the 20th century.
- Robotics is the study of robots. Robots are machines that can be used to do jobs. Some robots can do work by themselves. Other robots must always have a person telling them what to do.
- Most robots have three main parts: a controller (a brain); mechanical parts to help it move (robots can be powered by air, water, or electricity), and sensors that can tell the robot about its surroundings. These parts work together to control how a robot functions.
- Robotics technology, like other fields within engineering, helps make people’s lives better. It also showcases how important it is to learn as much as you can about science, technology, engineering, and math while you are in school.
- The real robot is some mechanical device (“mechanism”) that moves around in the environment, and, in doing so, physically interacts with this environment. This interaction involves the exchange of physical energy, in some form or another. Both the robot mechanism and the environment can be the “cause” of the physical interaction through “Actuation”, or experience the “effect” of the interaction, which can be measured through “Sensing”.